Sees. H. Ch. Ex. Rebellion, uprising, or insurrection is a refusal of obedience or order. Ord. Insurrection Act debate rages on over use of military force to quell protests. The Insurrection Act gives the President the power to deploy the military and federal forces across the US. "The Posse Comitatus Act and Related Matters: The Use of the Military to Execute Civilian Law," Updated November 6, 2018, Congressional Research Service. Congress has also enacted a number of statutes that authorize the use of land and naval forces to execute their objective. [6], The chief clause of the Insurrection Act, in its original 1807 wording (which has been thoroughly updated since to reflect modern legalese), reads:[7], An Act authorizing the employment of the land and naval forces of the United States, in cases of insurrections Defense Department guidelines describe "homeland defense" as a "constitutional exception" to Posse Comitatus restriction, meaning that measures necessary to guarantee National Security from external threats are not subject to the same limitations. Troops Sent as Chicago Riots Spread; Death Toll Is 9, and 300 Are Hurt A YOUTH CURFEW ORDERED BY DALEY 7,500 Guard Troops Help to Patrol the City – 800 Persons Seized", "Operation Garden Plot, JTF-LA Joint Task Force Los Angeles", Proclamation 157 – Declaring that Peace, Order, Tranquillity, and Civil Authority Now Exists in and Throughout the Whole of the United States of America, https://fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/R42659.pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Insurrection_Act_of_1807&oldid=1001910781, United States federal criminal legislation, United States federal defense and national security legislation, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, An Act authorizing the employment of the land and naval forces of the United States, in cases of insurrections, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas, Enforce desegregation orders on Alabama public schools, Provide protection to marchers during the, when requested by a state's legislature, or governor if the legislature cannot be convened, to address an insurrection against that state (, to address an insurrection, in any state, which makes it impracticable to enforce the law (, to address an insurrection, domestic violence, unlawful combination or conspiracy, in any state, which results in the deprivation of. Use of militia and armed forces to enforce Federal authority. The language added at that time allows the federal government to use the act to enforce the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. [5] In 1871, the Third Enforcement Act revised this section (§ 253) to protect Black Americans from attacks by the Ku Klux Klan. 11111, June 11, 1963, 28 F.R. The Insurrection Act gives U.S. presidents the authority to deploy active duty military to maintain or restore peace in times of crisis. As part of the Posse Comitatus Act of 1878, these provisions are now codified as amended. Democratic lawmakers in both chambers are sounding alarms about President Trump's continued threats to … A, title X, § 1057(a)(2), Pub. [17], Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007, List of national emergencies in the United States, John Warner Defense Authorization Act of 2007, "4 Ways Congress Can Amend the Insurrection Act", "Providing Supplemental Security – The Insurrection Act and the Military Role in Responding to Domestic Crises", "The Posse Comitatus Act and Related Matters: The Use of the Military to Execute Civilian Law". 5709, authorized the Secretary of Defense to call into the active military service of the United States units of the Army National Guard and of the Air National Guard of the State of Alabama for an indefinite period and until relieved by appropriate orders in order to enforce the laws of the United States within that State and the orders of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama, to remove obstructions to justice, and to suppress unlawful assemblies, conspiracies, and domestic violence which oppose the laws of the United States or impede the course of justice under those laws within that State; authorized the Secretary of Defense to also use the armed forces of the United States for such purposes; and authorized the Secretary of Defense to delegate his authority to the Secretary of the Army or the Secretary of the Air Force. 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