What Is a Developmental Delay in Young Children? If the delay is mild, the specialist or doctor may suggest that you: Warning signs of speech or language delays. When that happens, it’s called "global developmental delay." Every child grows and learns at his own pace, and the range of what’s normal is pretty wide. The risk factors for developmental delays fall into two broad categories: Genetic or chromosomal abnormalities such as Down's syndrome or Fragile X syndrome and other disorders put a child at risk for developmental delays. If a child is neglected or abused and does not hear others speaking, they will not learn to speak. And children until age 21 can receive special public education tailored for their developmental delays. In the womb, the umbilical cord carries energy rich blood from the mother to the baby. The most common causes include the following: Genetic Conditions – A child may inherit abnormal genes or a chromosomal disorder. These delays can affect a child’s physical, cognitive, communication, social, emotional, or behavioral skills. • Environmental factors: This includes neglect and abuse. Depending on the eye problem your child has, they may need: Warning signs of vision problems. Late preterm babies born from 34 to 36 weeks of pregnancy may be at an increased risk for modest developmental and academic problems up to age 7 when compared to babies born at full term. What Causes Speech or Language Delays? Reinforce speech and language throughout the day. Developmental disorders, such as Autism Spectrum Disorders and Intellectual Disabilities, are conditions which begin during childhood, but tend to persist. A cognitive developmental delay can have one of many causes. Other possible causes of motor delays include: Types of treatment for motor skill delays. Developmental delay is when your child lags behind their peers in one or more areas of emotional, mental, or physical growth. These delays in your little one’s development can be due to various factors. When a child has many or all of the previously listed developmental delays, it is called global developmental delay. Delays may occur in the areas of motor function, speech and language, cognitive, play, and social skills. Some causes of social and emotional delays include: Another common cause of social and emotional developmental delays falls under the umbrella diagnosis autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Signs to watch for … It may happen because of a … Some of the most common are: Several psychosocial issues: These can cause language delays, as … Possible causes. The key is to intervene early. “Development includes motor skills, language skills and social skills,” says pediatrician Minh-Y Canh, DO. Dr. Ashu Syal answered. For instance, dyslexia and other learning disabilities lead to language delays in some cases. Contact your child's doctor if your child has any of the following signs at the age that's indicated. All babies develop at different rates, but in some cases, developmental delays may be diagnosed with problems such as language or speech; vision; movement and motor skills; social and emotional skills; thinking and cognitive skills. By 3 months, contact the doctor if your child: By 6 months, contact the doctor if your child: If your child's doctor notes any problems, the doctor may refer your child to an ophthalmologist for further evaluation. The good news is that for the vast majority of kids showing a mild delay the cause is not a medical condition but rather what you might call natural causes. Risk Factors for Developmental Delay. As with most types of developmental delays, early treatment can make a big difference in the progress your child makes. Possible causes of vision delays. Hyperactivity 6. Motor skill developmental delays may be related to problems with gross motor skills, such as crawling or walking, or fine motor skills, such as using fingers to grasp a spoon. In addition, watch for any loss of skills that have already been learned. Speech delays in an otherwise normally developing child can sometimes be caused by oral impairments, like problems with the tongue or palate (the roof of the mouth). By 3 months, contact the doctor if your child does not: By 1 year, contact the doctor if your child shows no: Problems with thinking, or cognitive delays, may be due to one or more of these reasons: Possible causes. Exposure to more than one language -- which can cause mild delays in toddlers but not delays by the time they reach school age, A problem with the muscles controlling speech -- a disorder called. Most often, these developmental delays occur in more than one area. Lack of consistent care in early childhood may result in motor, language, social and cognitive developmental delays. If you or your child’s doctor suspects a speech delay, a referral will be placed for an evaluation by a speech-language pathologist. Some children are born with abnormalities that can contribute to delays in development, such as Down syndrome and autism. ASD includes disorders that can cause a child to have a hard time communicating, have repetitive behaviors, and have language problems. Language and speech problems are the most common type of developmental delays. Types of treatment. Examples include Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome, or phenylketonuria (PKU). ", Nemours Foundation: "Delayed Speech or Language Development," "Your Child’s Vision. • Biological factors: These include hearing loss, vision loss, lead poisoning or head injuries. High-risk newborns, such as those with very low weight at birth, are more susceptible to developmental delays and subsequent disability than healthy newborns, say, Indian researchers, highlighting the gap in early diagnosis in rural settings. Motor skills or movement – In this, the child’s ability to walk or crawl is affected. Screening involves a series of questions and observations that gets at your child’s ability to perform certain age-appropriate tasks. How can cord prolapse cause Global Developmental Delay? Developmental delays separate from autism itself are only notable if they delay a child’s development by more than six months. Developmental delays can occur from a number of things, some unpreventable, like inherited or genetic problems. Contact your child's doctor if your child has any of the following signs at the age that’s indicated. Language is a broader system of expressing and receiving information, such as being able to understand gestures. Your child's doctor may suggest taking certain steps at home to encourage more physical activity. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. In addition, watch for any loss of skills that have already been learned. Your pediatrician may also use developmental screening in the office. Baby Growth Charts: What Influences Your Baby’s Growth? Possible causes of motor skill delays. • Pregnancy factors: Pregnancy-related issues affecting the fetus include Rh incompatibility (blood incompatibility), alcohol and drug exposure, viral infections and toxemia (blood borne toxic substances). The federal Individuals With Disabilities Act entitles eligible infants and toddlers to services such as speech or physical therapy, social services, and dietary guidance. Usually these problems show up before a child begins school. Some children with microcephaly are of normal intelligence and development, even though their heads will always be small for their age and sex. 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