In 1620, the Elector Palatine Frederick V, a Protestant, was defeated after trying to take the kingdom of Bohemia. When the Thirty Years' War concluded with the Treaty of Münster (also called the Peace of Westphalia) in 1648, a new additional electorate was created for the Count Palatine of the Rhine. He was also a patron of the arts like his father. In the end, neither Luitpold nor his son Ludwig actively pursued a claim to the Greek throne inherited from Otto, and the throne of Bavaria itself disappeared in 1918, leaving the future of the claim to be decided by a further arrangement that never occurred.[7]. The House of Württemberg, one of the ruling Houses of Germany was famous in Europe from the 13th. The line of Jacobite succession, which recognises the right for a Catholic monarch from the House of Stuart acknowledges Franz, Hereditary Prince of Bavaria to be the rightful heir as "Francis II". His grandson Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria served also as Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands (1692–1706) and as Duke of Luxembourg (1712–1714). Charles's son, Charles XI, rebuilt the economy and refitted the army. Thailand's royal family, compared to the constantly spotlighted British monarchy, is extremely secretive. The Neuburg cadet branch of the Palatinate branch also held the Duchy of Jülich and Berg from 1614 onwards: When the last duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg died without direct heirs in 1609, the War of the Jülich succession broke out, ended by the 1614 Treaty of Xanten, which divided the separate duchies between Palatinate-Neuburg and the Margraviate of Brandenburg. In 1919 Georg resigned his military career and began studying theology and was ordained a Catholic priest on 19 March 1921. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The marriage was delayed due to the effects of the 1st World War. His legacy to his son, Charles XII, was one of the finest arsenals in the world, a large standing army and a great fleet. It was the second kingdom, almost a thousand years after the short-lived Carolingian kingdom of Bavaria. Luitpold married Katrin Beatrix Wiegand in 1979, and initially, the marriage was considered morganatic but by 1999 the marriage was decreed to conform to the Bavarian house laws. I made a blog post about this royal family, check this link. The Bavarian branch kept the duchy of Bavaria until its extinction in 1777. The experience in the concentration camps greatly affected Antonia’s health. Quarterly, County Palatine of the Rhine, Franconia, de Burgovie, de Veldenz. [17][18], Per pale, I quarterly 1 and 4 County palatine of the Rhine, 2 and 3 Bavaria; II quarterly 1 Veldenz, 2 chequy gules and argent (de Birkenfeld), 3 argent, three escutcheons gules, two and one (Rappolstein), 4 argent, three heads of eagles sable, crowned or, two and one (de Hohenach). [4] The republican movement thereupon declared a republic. Check out our bavarian royal selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. Overall, Bavaria. Today, under the Bill of Rights 1689 and the Act of Settlement 1701, the line of succession to the throne stems from the Protestant descendants of Sophia (1630–1714) from the House of Wittelsbach. The next Regent who became King a year later was King Ludwig III (1845-1921) who was married to Archduchess Augusta of Austria (of the Tuscan branch). The Wittelsbachs reigned as kings of Bavaria until 1918. Jul 19, 2016 - Explore Jo Michelin's board "Royals Today - German Bavaria", followed by 236 people on Pinterest. After World War I and the end of the 738 year monarchy, they were able to keep residence rights in Schloss Nymphenburg, Schloss Herrenchiemsee and Schloss Hohenschwangau, whilst privately keeping Schloss Leutstetten, Sarvar estate in Hungary, Castle Berg (where Ludwig II mysteriously died in the lake), Schloss Berchtesgaden, and Leuchtenberg Palace. The Royal Family also plays an important role in recognising and supporting the work of the Armed Services. All content copyright Unofficial Royalty 2021. They were also appointed as the first modern monarchs of Greece under the London Conference of 1832. With the Golden Bull of 1356 the Counts Palatine were invested with the electoral dignity, their county became the Electorate of the Palatinate. In 1373 Otto, the last Wittelsbach regent of Brandenburg, released the country to the House of Luxembourg. Otto had abdicated the Hungarian throne by 1308. Wittelsbach princes served for example as Bishops of Regensburg, Freising, Liège, Münster, Hildesheim, Paderborn and Osnabrück, and as Grand Masters of the Teutonic Order. She also inherited an estate in Hungary and in Moravia (today Czech Republic) from her father. Crown Prince Rupert earned Hitler's eternal enmity by opposing the Beer Hall Putsch in 1923. [17], Quarterly, a cross paty or, which is the cross of Saint Eric, cantonned 1 and 4, azure, three crowns or, two and one (Sweden moderne), 2 and 3 azure, three bars wavy argent, a lion crowned or, armed and langued gules (Sweden ancien). See more ideas about bavaria, royal, royal family. [6] She was heiress presumptive of Great Britain but passed away before her succession. Under the terms of the succession law, a Wittelsbach claim to the throne would have passed on Otto's death in 1867 to his younger brother Luitpold, who was regent of Bavaria from 1886 to 1912; and after him to Ludwig who became king Ludwig III of Bavaria in 1913. With the death of Charles Theodore in 1799 all Wittelsbach land in Bavaria and the Palatinate was reunited under Maximilian IV Joseph, a member of the branch Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld. You can search for royalty-related items - or anything else - by using this link. When the senior branch of the Palatinate branch died out in 1559, the Electorate passed to Frederick III of Simmern, a staunch Calvinist, and the Palatinate became one of the major centers of Calvinism in Europe, supporting Calvinist rebellions in both the Netherlands and France. Augusta of Waldeck-Pyrmont (1824 ... born Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, was the wife of King Ludwig I of Bavaria, which is why Bavaria focused so much in her family’s life. With the Landshut War of Succession Bavaria was reunited in 1505 against the claim of the Palatinate branch under the Bavarian branch Bavaria-Munich. century. [10], "Wittelsbach" redirects here. The name Habsburg is derived from the castle of Habsburg, or Habichtsburg (“Hawk’s Castle”), built in 1020 by Werner, bishop of … (Most nobles joined the Nazi party and would only later in the war start agitating for the overthrow of the Nazis.) Or, an eagle sable, membered, beaked and langued gules, inescutcheon fusilly in bend azure and argent. While Sweden achieved several large scale military successes early on, and won the most battles, the Great Northern War eventually ended in Sweden's defeat and the end of the Swedish Empire. After the extinction of the Bavarian branch in 1777, a succession dispute and the brief War of the Bavarian Succession, the Palatinate-Sulzbach branch under Elector Charles Theodore succeeded also in Bavaria. [22], Quarterly 1 and 4, fusilly in bend, azure and argent, 2 and 3, grand-quarterly I and IV or, a lion sable, armed and langued gules, II and III, or, a lion gules, armed and langued azure.[23]. The former royal family lost countless artworks, palaces, and wealth in the 20th century. Maximilian was married twice. One of the oldest Catholic dynasties in Germany is the Wittelsbachs. The house of Palatinate of Zweibrücken-Kleeburg as heir to the Swedish throne ruled simultaneously the duchy of Bremen-Verden (1654–1719). Oct 23, 2015 - The Wittelsbach family is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria. The first Prince-Regent (1886-1912) of Otto was his uncle Prince Luitpold (1821-1912). Before the Wittelsbachs had the title of King of Bavaria, they were known as Electors of Bavaria. [citation needed]. 8. On Duke Albert's death in 1404, he was succeeded in the Netherlands by his eldest son, William. His ministers wanted to get rid of Ludwig and he was ruled unfit to rule (even though the psychiatrists who signed the report, never even examined him, or some of them never even met him). His 1st wife was Duchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria (1878-1912) (from the Ducal Wittelsbach line). Maria Theresia also became the Jacobite heir to the throne of England. The Wittelsbach Emperor Louis IV acquired Brandenburg (1323), Tyrol (1342), Holland, Zeeland and Hainaut (1345) for his House but he had also released the Upper Palatinate for the Palatinate branch of the Wittelsbach in 1329. Electoral Palatinate, County Palatine of the Rhine from 1215 to 1623. As a result, there was an assassination attempt on the Queen and finally, in 1862, Otto was deposed while in the countryside. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria, Frederick V, Elector Palatine, King of Bohemia, Stefan, Count Palatine of Simmern-Zweibrücken, Christian I, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld, Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken, Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken, Count Palatine Frederick Michael of Zweibrücken, Louis V, Margrave of Brandenburg, Duke of Bavaria and Count of Tyrol, Albert I, Duke of Bavaria, Count of Holland and Hainaut, Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut and Holland, Sophie, Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein, Christopher of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, Electoral Palatinate, County Palatine of the Rhine, List of coats of arms with the Palatine Lion, https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=NgKqDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT246&lpg=PT246&dq=sophia+of+hanover+member+house+of+wittelsbach&source=bl&ots=-XbNZr_gp9&sig=ACfU3U210M5PHizJk8_ksM5vyfeak0TYQw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjrh9Xy0PrpAhUXhlwKHekfBlo4ChDoATAIegQIChAB#v=onepage&q=sophia%20of%20hanover%20member%20house%20of%20wittelsbach&f=false, Germany: Bavaria: Heads of State: 1806–1918, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/george_i_king.shtml, "The Succession Laws of the Greek Monarchy", Archived website about the Royal Family of Bavaria, Haus Bayern – Wittelsbacher Ausgleichsfonds, "Genealogy of the House of Wittelsbach from Genealogy.eu", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=House_of_Wittelsbach&oldid=998584186, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from May 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from June 2020, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 02:05. To remain strong, Otto had to play the interests of each of the Great Powers’ Greek adherents against the others, while not aggravating the Great Powers. It was the second term for the rule of the House of Wittelsbach in Sweden since 1448 when Christopher III of the Palatinate branch was king of Denmark, Sweden and Norway. The late Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria (1869-1955) strongly discouraged supporters in the United Kingdom from making claims on his behalf. Thanks! Princes of the Palatinate branch served as Bishops of the Empire and also as Elector-Archbishops of Mainz and Elector-Archbishops of Trier. He was one of the first military commanders to realize the necessity of a negotiated peace. Franz was born on 14 July 1933 in Munich, the son of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria, and his morganatic wife, Countess Maria Draskovich of Trakostjan of the House of Drašković, a Croatian noble family. Rupprecht’s oldest son from his 1st marriage, Albrecht (1905-1996) succeeded him in 1955. Mathilde Karoline had eight siblings: King Maximilian II (1811-1864) – married Princess Marie of Prussia, had issue. The House of Wittelsbach (German: Haus Wittelsbach) is a German-Bavarian dynasty, with branches that rule, or have ruled over territories including: Bavaria, Holland, Zeeland, Cologne, Sweden, Romania, Bohemia, Hungary, Denmark, Norway, Greece and the Holy Roman Empire. King of Bavaria was a title held by the hereditary Wittelsbach rulers of Bavaria in the state known as the Kingdom of Bavaria from 1805 until 1918, when the kingdom was abolished. Today famously remembered as the dynasty which gave Empress Elisabeth (1837-1898) to the Austrians; and mad King Ludwig with his many castles including Neuschwanstein Castle. Their son Luitpold (born 1951) is therefore 2nd in the succession after his uncle Max. The House of Wittelsbach split into these two branches in 1329: Under the Treaty of Pavia, Emperor Louis IV granted the Palatinate including the Bavarian Upper Palatinate to his brother Duke Rudolf's descendants, Rudolf II, Rupert I and Rupert II. He was finally removed in 1913, when his cousin, the Regent, took the title of King. In 1939 Crown Prince Rupprecht and his wife and children moved to Italy due to their opposition to Nazism. Almost a decade after her death Rupprecht married (1921) her 1st cousin Princess Antonia of Luxembourg (1899-1954). With Duke Otto III of Lower Bavaria, who was a maternal grandson of Béla IV of Hungary and was elected anti-king of Hungary and Croatia as Bela V (1305–1308) the Wittelsbach dynasty came to power outside the Holy Roman Empire for the first time. Important grouping of the Bavarian royal family. Unofficial Royalty Current Monarchies Websites, Georg Viktor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont. Oct 30, 2019 - Max II., König von Bayern - Maximilian II of Bavaria - Wikipedia The next King, King Ludwig I (1786-1868) only reigned till 1848 when the 1848 revolution forced him to abdicate in favour of his son Maximilian (1811-1864). He commanded the German Sixth Army and in 1916 was promoted to Field Marshal. When the German Empire was formed in 1871, Bavaria became the new empire's second most powerful state after Prussia. [10], Per pale fusilly in bend azure and argent, and argent, an eagle gules, armed, beaked and langued or. Rudolf I in this way became the ancestor of the older (Palatinate) line of the Wittelsbach dynasty, which returned to power also in Bavaria in 1777 after the extinction of the younger (Bavarian) line, the descendants of Louis IV. The name was taken from the castle of Wittelsbach, which formerly stood near Aichach on the Paar in Bavaria. As the Bavarian Royal family follows Salic law the succession will pass to the descendants of Rupprecht’s brother Franz (1875-1957). The dynasty also had some links to the British Monarchy. Otto was however allowed to keep the title “King of Bavaria” until he died 3 years later, which means that there were 2 Kings of Bavaria in that period. A younger son, John III, became Bishop of Liège. The youngest Otto (1848-1916) never truly ruled in his own right due to his own mental incapacity and had an uncle and cousin rule as regents. (Even today Greece still retains the blue & white flag from Bavaria.) Once a year the Court Title Commission assembled to evaluate the many applicants. When Franz turned 70 in 2003 all 3000 guests accepted his birthday invitation, which just goes to show the high esteem the Bavarian population and dignitaries hold him. Doing some shopping on Amazon? Today the connection of these two developments is regarded as a main cause for the unspectacular end of the Bavarian kingdom without opposition in the course of the November revolution of 1918. [10], Or, an eagle sable, membered, beaked and langued gules; inescutcheon quarterly 1 and 4 fusilly in bend, azure and argent, 2 and 3 sable, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules, sur le tout gules, an orb crucifer or. Emperor Louis IV had reunited Bavaria in 1340 but from 1349 onwards Bavaria was split among the descendants of Louis IV, who created the branches Bavaria-Landshut, Bavaria-Straubing, Bavaria-Ingolstadt and Bavaria-Munich. In onze geïntegreerde jaarverslagen lees je hoe we daar de afgelopen jaren invulling aan gaven. Overall quarterly 1 or, nine hearts gules in three pallets, three lions passant guardant azure in pale, armed and langued gules, crowned of the field, brochant sur-le-tout, which is Denmark, 2 azure, three crowns or, which is Sweden moderne, 3 gules, a lion crowned or, holding in his paws a battle-axe argent, the handle of the second, which is Norway ancien and 4 gules, a dragon or, which is for the Kingdom of the Vandals[11][12], Quarterly of six, three rows of two, 1 gules, a lion argent, queue fourchée in saltire, crowned, armed and langued or (Bohemia), 2 azure, an eagle chequy of argent and gules, beaked, langued, membered and crowned or (Moravia), 3 or, an eagle sable, armed, beaked and langued gules, on its heart a crescent below a cross argent (Silesia), 4 barry of six argent and azure, a lion gules, queue fourchée in saltire, armed, langued and crowned or (Luxembourg), 5 per fess embattled azure and or (Upper Lusace), 6 argent, a bull gules issuant from a terrace vert (Lower Lusace). Her grandfather, Alfred 2nd Prince of Montenuovo, became 1st Obersthofmeister at the Habsburg court of Emperor Franz Joseph in Austria and maintained court etiquette. Otto I, Count of Scheyern died 1072, his third son Otto II, Count of Scheyern acquired the castle of Wittelsbach (near Aichach). The new king still served as a Prince-elector until the Kingdom of Bavaria left the Holy Roman Empire (1 August 1806). Although most of the Holy Roman Empire Emperors were from the Habsburg dynasty, in 1742 a Wittelsbach served as Holy Roman Emperor. This rigorous etiquette was said to have indirectly led to the death of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his morganatic wife Sophie. The origins of the counts of Scheyern are unclear. See more ideas about Bavaria, German royal family, Royal family. [8], Heraldic augmentation for the Count Palatine of the Rhine, a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire: Quarterly 1 and 4 sable, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules, 2 and 3 fusilly bendwise azure and argent, overall gules, an orb or encircled of the same. Perhaps snubbing of Isabelle by the Bavarian Royal family also had a bearing on the quick dissolvement of their marriage. His brother and successor Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine moved the Palatinate's capital back to Heidelberg in 1718 and then to Mannheim in 1720. On Duke Otto II's death in 1253, his sons divided the Wittelsbach possessions between them: Henry became Duke of Lower Bavaria, and Louis II Duke of Upper Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine. Overall quarterly Bavaria, Juliers, Cleves and Berg, inescutcheon sable, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules (County palatine of the Rhine). In 1619, the Protestant Frederick V, Elector Palatine became King of Bohemia but was defeated by the Catholic Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, a member of the Bavarian branch. After the death of the Wittelsbach king Rupert of Germany in 1410 the Palatinate lands began to split under numerous branches of the family such as Neumarkt, Simmern, Zweibrücken, Birkenfeld, Neuburg and Sulzbach. As a result, the Upper Palatinate had to be ceded to the Bavarian branch in 1623. The House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken contributed to the monarchy of Sweden again 1654–1720 under Charles X, Charles XI, Charles XII and Ulrika Eleonora. The politics of Greece of this era was based on affiliations with the three Great Powers, and Otto's ability to maintain the support of the powers was key to his remaining in power. He was placed under the ban of the Empire and his lands, titles and electoral dignity were confiscated and given to his Roman Catholic cousin, the Duke of Bavaria, who takes: Quarterly 1 and 4 fusilly in bend, azure and argent, 2 and 3 sable, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules, overall gules, an orb crucifer or. At this point, tracing the claim becomes impossible as the same branch of the Wittelsbach became heir to both thrones, and a subsequent monarch or pretender should have issued a renunciation to one of the two thrones, which none did. She was the sister of Queen Elisabeth of Belgium and a niece of Empress Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary. The family initially left Germany for Hungary, but were eventually arrested. House of Wittelsbach, German noble family that provided rulers of Bavaria and of the Rhenish Palatinate until the 20th century. Also since the 19th century the Jacobite rights to the throne of England have been passed to the Wittelsbach family. Joseph Ferdinand, a son of Maximilian II Emanuel, was the favored choice of England and the Netherlands to succeed as the ruler of Spain, and young Charles II of Spain chose him as his heir. The Wittelsbach dynasty ruled the German territories of Bavaria from 1180 to 1918 and the Electorate of the Palatinate from 1214 until 1805; in 1815 the latter territory was partly incorporated as Rhine Palatinate into Bavaria, which Napoleon elevated to a kingdom in 1806. The last heir of Modena died childless and Maria Theresia inherited some assets including Schloss Wildenwart. Ludwig’s son and heir Maximilian I (1811-1864) married Princess Marie of Prussia and became the parents of 2 Kings of Bavaria. The House of Windsor, the reigning royal house of the British throne, are descendants of Sophia of Hanover, a Wittelsbach Princess and Electress of Hanover. He (like most continental rulers) at times had alliances with Napoleonic France, and in 1806 his daughter Augusta even married Napoleon’s stepson, Eugene de Beauharnais. The House of Wittelsbach were Bavarian royalty and they still hold their titles today. Her eldest son succeeded the throne as the next Protestant king to become George I of Great Britain, a descendant of the Houses of Hanover and Wittelsbach. Official Residences: Schloss Nymphenburg, Residenzschloss in Munich, Leuchtenburg Palace, Schloss Wildenwart etc. The Wittelsbach Conrad of Scheyern-Dachau, a great-grandson of Otto I, Count of Scheyern became Duke of Merania in 1153 and was succeeded by his son Conrad II. Overall, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules (County palatine of the Rhine). It was the first Duchy held by the Wittelsbach family (until 1180/82). By the late 18th century Wittelsbach rule was split to the Palatinate (on the French border) and Bavaria. Otto I's eldest son Eckhard I, Count of Scheyern was father of the Count palatine of Bavaria Otto IV (died 1156), who was the first Count of Wittelsbach and whose son Otto was invested with the Duchy of Bavaria in 1180 after the fall of Henry the Lion and hence the first Bavarian ruler from the House of Wittelsbach. By the end of the Napoleonic wars the parts of the Palatinate that were not split and given to neighboring Baden, was incorporated into the then recently created Kingdom of Bavaria with the Palatinate ruler ruling over the whole Kingdom. In 1868, Ludwig married Archduchess Maria Theresia of Austria-Este. In 1931, the Royal House of Wittelsbach was forced to sell parts of the Bavarian Crown Jewels at Christie’s in London. Antonia and the kids moved to their estate in Hungary and in October 1944 got arrested and sent to Sachsenhausen and later Dachau concentration camps. 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